About 1 in 3 Americans 20 and older suffer from hypertension, more commonly called high blood pressure. At Internal Medicine Practices in Tavares and Lady Lake, Florida, the primary care, geriatric care, and internal medicine physicians specialize in diagnosing and treating hypertension. Using a combination of healthy lifestyle changes and prescription medicines, the doctors can help you reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular diseases. Call the nearest office or schedule an appointment online today.
If you have hypertension, it means your blood pressure is consistently too high. Everyone experiences occasional high blood pressure, but if it’s constant, your risk of a heart attack or stroke significantly increases.
Hypertension rarely presents symptoms, which is why it’s often called the “silent killer.” Among the easiest ways to preserve your health is to have your blood pressure checked regularly. If it’s been more than a year since your last physical, make an appointment today at Internal Medicine Practices.
At Internal Medicine Practices, the team treats several kinds of hypertension:
Primary hypertension develops slowly, usually over months or years. Various things contribute to primary hypertension, including older age, lack of exercise, and weight problems like obesity.
Secondary hypertension comes on rapidly and is usually more severe. It’s caused by an underlying medical condition like kidney disease, thyroid disease, adrenal gland problems, and a congenital heart defect.
The Internal Medicine Practices team recommends that adults get screened for hypertension at least once a year. If you have a family history of hypertension or an underlying medical condition that increases your risk, more frequent checkups are usually needed.
To diagnose hypertension, your Internal Medicine Practices provider reviews your medical history. They also ask about your lifestyle, including how often you exercise, if you smoke or drink alcohol, and the foods you eat. Your provider takes your blood pressure with an arm cuff and a pressure-measuring gauge.
A blood pressure reading is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm/Hg), based on the old non-digital instruments — a tube filled with mercury (its chemical symbol is Hg) much like an old thermometer. If your blood pressure is 120/80 mm/Hg or lower, it means your blood pressure is normal. Any reading higher than that indicates some level of hypertension.
Treating hypertension depends on many things, including your age, weight, and medical history. Usually, the team at Internal Medicine Practices recommends healthy lifestyle changes like losing weight, eating a balanced diet, and getting plenty of exercise. If your blood pressure remains high, your provider will then recommend you take prescription medicine.
Several kinds of drugs are used to manage hypertension, including diuretics, calcium channel blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Your doctor can fill you in on the details of each of these medicines. Following a cardiology consultation, your doctor can recommend the medicine that most aligns with your needs.
To explore the various treatments available for hypertension, make an appointment at Internal Medicine Practices by calling the nearest office or booking online today.