An estimated eight million people in the United States are unaware that they have diabetes. While there is no cure for diabetes, a diabetes screening can diagnose it during the early stages when it’s easier to manage. The team at Internal Medicine Practices in Lady Lake and Tavares, Florida, offers diabetes screenings and can help patients manage their diabetes effectively. To schedule a diabetes consultation, call the nearest office or book one online today.
When your blood glucose (sugar) is too high, you have diabetes. Glucose comes from your diet and is the primary source of energy for your body.
Your pancreas produces a hormone called insulin, which helps move glucose from the food you eat to your cells, but if your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or isn’t using insulin effectively, too much glucose remains in your blood instead of your cells. Having too much glucose contributes to a variety of health problems.
There are two types of diabetes — type 1 diabetes is when your pancreas doesn’t produce insulin, and type 2 diabetes is when your cells aren’t using insulin effectively.
Both types can develop at any age, but type 1 diabetes occurs most commonly during childhood, while type 2 diabetes is most common in people over age 40.
Excess sugar in the blood damages small blood vessels and nerves. If your sugar levels remain too high for too long, the ongoing damage leads to health complications, including:
If you have diabetes, you have almost twice the risk of having a stroke or heart disease.
People with type 2 diabetes may not have symptoms at first, which is why diabetes screenings are important. Diabetes symptoms vary in type and severity, depending on how high your blood glucose levels are.
Typical symptoms of diabetes include feeling thirsty all the time, frequent urination, excessive hunger, and unexplained weight loss. You may have irritability, fatigue, and get frequent infections.
Diabetes screenings measure your blood glucose levels to see if they are within normal ranges after you’ve gone at least eight hours without eating. If your glucose levels are elevated, a second test is usually performed later to confirm if you have diabetes.
Sadly there is no cure for diabetes. The type of treatment depends on whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin, exercise, and a proper diet.
Type 2 diabetes is treated with exercise, weight loss, and a proper diet. If lifestyle changes don’t control your blood glucose levels, medications are prescribed.
If you have any of the signs or symptoms of diabetes, call Internal Medicine Practices, or schedule an appointment online today.